SUPRAPOWER project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No 308793
SUPRAPOWER (SUPerconducting, Reliable, lightweight, And more POWERful offshore wind turbine) is an EU FP7 founded research project focused on a major innovation in offshore wind turbine technology by developing a new compact superconductor-based generator.
The project aims to provide an important breakthrough in offshore wind industrial solutions by designing an innovative, lightweight, robust and reliable 10 MW class offshore wind turbine based on a superconducting (SC) generator, taking into account all the essential aspects of electric conversion, integration and manufacturability.
Today’s geared as well as direct-drive permanent magnet generators are difficult to scale up further. Their huge size and weight drives up the cost of both fixed and floating foundations as well as O&M cost. New solutions to provide better power scalability, weight reduction and reliability are needed. Superconductivity may be the only technology able to combine such features and allow scaling to 10 MW and beyond by radical reduction of the head mass.
July 29, 2014 | Published by Iker Marino
The report on the manufacturing of the first MgB2 coil and new articles and posters presented at ECUCAS 2013 and EWEA 2014 area available in the Documents and Publications section.
Tecnalia Research & Innovation (Spain)
TECNALIA Research & Innovation is the first private research and technology organization in Spain and one of the most important in Europe. We get ahead of future challenges by turning technology-based business opportunities into competitive advantages. At TECNALIA we are organised into 7 fully interconnected Business Divisions, where cooperation works thanks to the transverse actions of teams, projects and clients collaborating with each other, combining experience, commitment and knowledge. Our best asset is our team, made up of more than 1,500 experts who work to transform knowledge into GDP in order to improve quality of life by generating business opportunities for companies.
TECNALIA – ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT turns energy and environmental challenges into business opportunities. We devote our R&D to the development of technologies, products and tools for a rational and sustainable use of energy focusing on clean generation sources and future energy carriers: wind, solar, marine, bio and bio-refinery, smart grids, storage, efficiency in buildings, materials for energy and environment, sustainable mobility and the electrical vehicle, and power electronics. We tackle the environmental challenges of industry and society in relation to regional and urban sustainability, climate change, sustainable infrastructure, waste & resource efficiency and the water cycle.
As far as Marine Energy is concerned, TECNALIA is investing in renewable energy sources as a future sector to promote sustainable economic growth and stable job creation. Research, development and innovation in this framework are key factors in achieving competitive technologies compared to other energy sources. TECNALIA offers its knowledge and experience to companies interested in superconducting light weight generators, floating platforms modelling and analysis, mooring systems, energy distribution, materials, resource assessment or environmental impact. TECNALIA takes a comprehensive approach, from the deployment of marine farms to cost efficiency throughout their life cycle. TECNALIA has a sound track record in the development of devices for wave and marine wind energy exploitation, mainly in deep-water locations.
Acciona Windpower S.A. (Spain)
ACCIONA Windpower belongs to the Acciona Group, a global leader in development and management of infrastructure, renewable energy, water and services. Acciona Windpower is an expert company in the design and manufacturing of wind turbines, present in the world's main markets, with three manufacturing plants in Spain and the US and an installed base of 4.380 MW worldwide. We combine our position as a global supplier with a strong local presence and customer-focused service, delivering direct attention and an agile and tailored service across our entire client base.
Our wind turbine technology is grounded in more than 15 years of operational observations made within our own wind farms in varied terrains and climates across the globe. Acciona Windpower turbines apply proven technology designed for strength, long life and maximum energy production. Acciona Windpower produces three variations of the AW 1500 model for various site conditions, with rotor diameters of 70, 77 and 82 meters which are offered with steel and concrete towers. The company also produces four variations of the AW 3000 for various wind conditions, with rotor diameters of 100, 109, 116 and 125 meters.
But Acciona Windpower is also looking further, participating in several research projects that will provide with the knowledge to develop larger wind turbines but even more important than this, wind turbines that will be more efficient and cost effective in the future. With this aim, Acciona Windpower is involved in researches that comprise the study of alternative drive train designs, ranging from geared drive trains to direct drive ones -including a new concept of superconductive generator- and also new methodologies and materials that will help to reduce the cost of energy.
Acciona Energy S.A. (Spain)
ACCIONA Energy is a global operator in clean energies with over 20 years of experience in the sector and a strong presence in five renewable technologies for power generation. It has installed around 10,000 MW for clean electricity production, of which it owns near 8,500 MW located in 14 countries. The company owns and operates 229 wind parks (7,096 MW), 80 small hydro plants (912 MW), 6 CSP plants (314 MW), one of the biggest photovoltaic plants in the world (46 MWp) and three biomass plants (57 MW). It produces wind turbines using proprietary technology, develops projects for itself and other customers, and is present throughout the wind power value chain. www.acciona-energy.com
Through the subsidiary company ACCIONA Windpower, it designs and manufactures 1.5 and 3 MW wind turbines. It has three assembly plants (two in Spain and one in the USA), and a turbine blade manufacturing facility also in Spain. Since 2004 it has manufactured wind turbines totaling more than 4,000 MW wind parks installed or contracted in 17 countries.
ACCIONA Energy belongs to the ACCIONA Group, one of the leading Spanish corporations, which operates in infrastructures, energy, water and services in over 30 countries. Its corporate motto “Pioneers in development and sustainability” reflects its commitment –in all its activities- to contribute to economic growth, social welfare and the protection of the environment. This effort has been recognized through its inclusion in the Dow Jones (DJSI) and FTSE4Good sustainability indexes. ACCIONA is quoted on the Ibex-35 stock index, has a workforce of around 31,000 worldwide and earned revenues of 6,646 million euros in 2011. www.acciona.es
Innovation is a priority for the ACCIONA Group, in line with its mission to be pioneers in development and sustainability. ACCIONA Energy takes on this strategic premise and applies it to research, development and innovation in the different renewable technologies it works in, with the aim of providing energy solutions that are ever more efficient and competitive. ACCIONA Energy has several research projects within the wind power sector, from the design of increasingly more efficient wind turbines to the installation of deepwater wind parks as well as different projects in other renewable technologies.
Columbus Superconductor Spa (Italy)
COLUMBUS SUPERCONDUCTORS is a world leader in cutting-edge technology Magnesium Diboride (MgB2) technology and the transformation of this superconducting material into long, versatile and highly reliable superconducting wires. COLUMBUS has developed a proprietary method to manufacture MgB2 wires by the so-called ex-situ process, in such a way that its products are mechanically robust, reproducible and exceptionally low cost compared to the other HTS currently developed in form of long conductors. The company was founded in Genoa-Italy (2003), from the cooperation among ASG Superconductors, CNR-INFM (thee Italian National Research Council and the Italian National Institute for the Physics of Matter) and a party of researchers.
In 2005, COLUMBUS SUPERCONDUCTORS know-how has brought to market the first prototype of superconducting wire made of MgB2 of enough length (about 1600 m/piece) to be suitable for industrial applications; at the same time, large scale production was started. The actual plant is fully operational for MgB2 wire production and is under scaling up according to our market forecast. The overall Workshop area has been increased to about 4000 m2 in order to reach a yearly wire production of about 5000 Km. The new factory has been completed and it has been becoming fully operational. The already existing production process has been improved in such a way to keep the transport properties in longer-length wires and optimize the reliability, through the acquisition of new machineries and the updating to the basic technical infrastructures. The existing production has been adapted to the model of mass production through specifications of production and quality, work instructions, quality control based on statistics and supported by instruments to manage on time the no-conformities and an information system implemented to plan the production and control the material in each stage.
The reliability of the MgB2 superconducting wires produced by COLUMBUS has been already demonstrated by the realization of a number of real-scale devices. The cooperation between COLUMBUS, ASG and Paramed has brought to life a new generation of cryogen-free, “open-sky” MRI system. The use of MgB2-based magnets bypasses the need of a cryogenic coolant, reducing encumbrance, servicing cost and refill time. COLUMBUS wires can be also applied in superconducting motors and generators, especially into hydroelectric and wind energy field, to improve efficiency and considerably reduce mass and weight. MgB2 superconducting wires can be not only used in the power quality (SFCL) for a more protected network but also in the storage (SMES) to make the distribution of energy generated by alternative sources more stable over the time. Superconducting magnets for particle accelerator and nuclear fusion experiments mean power saving and dimension reduction of the facilities, together with great efficiency improvement.
Oerlikon-Leybold Vacuum GMBH (Germany)
Oerlikon Leybold Vacuum offers a wide range of advanced vacuum solutions for use in manufacturing and analytical processes, as well as for research purposes. Using the experience of 160 years in vacuum technology, Oerlikon Leybold Vacuum offers a broad know how of processes and applications to their customers. Oerlikon Leybold Vacuum ranks among the top three providers in its specific business segments, which are Process Industry, Information Technology, Analytical Processes and Research & Development.
The product range of Oerlikon Leybold Vacuum comprises fore vacuum pumps, high vacuum pumps, vacuum systems, vacuum gauges, leak detecting instruments, flanges, fittings and valves, as well as consulting and engineering of complete vacuum solutions for specified customer applications.
A global, customized after sales service and network complements with multiple services all vacuum technology applications and represents the competencies of Oerlikon Leybold Vacuum. With 32 own locations and 48 agents and representatives Oerlikon Leybold Vacuum offers its customers the largest sales and after sales network of the vacuum technology industry.
Offshore wind-generation is a new field of application for Oerlikon Leybold Vacuum. However, a wide experience in the development and production of cryo refrigerators, among others also for the cooling of super-conducting magnets, is a perfect starting point for extending the company’s expertise to this area of renewable energy.
Institute of Electrical Engineering, Slovac Academy of Sciences (Slovakia)
The Institute of Electrical Engineering (IEE SAS) is a scientific institution based in the year 1953. Researchers of the Institute solve international projects supported by EU, projects supported by ERDF, and by national projects supported by APVV and VEGA Agencies.
The Institute is focused on the research and development of semiconductor, superconductor, oxide and magnetic materials and devices, including theoretical and experimental study of their structural, optical, transport properties and devices for the information technology and power engineering.
The long-standing superconductivity-related research tradition ranges from fundamental science to development of superconducting systems (magnet systems and various electro-technical applications). This existing basis of scientific and technical excellence is strongly multidisciplinary, since successfully optimising a superconducting material, developing it in conductor form, and applying it in a superconducting device requires continuous feedback between basic material science, chemistry, physics and electrical engineering. Superconductors are thus truly higher added value products whose successful development and production requires knowledge-based approaches.
The research in applied superconductivity is going today’s in two parallel paths: in the field of high temperature superconductivity (HTS) and in the field of filamentary composite superconductors. A new superconducting materials (e.g. YBCO, DyBCO and MgB2), that offers specific advantages over commercially used superconductors, will have a double impact: it will consolidate the use of superconductors in areas where they are already commonplace, such as the bio-medical and research sector. IEE SAS is already well established in the European Research of applied superconductivity. European industry excels in these areas, but in order to maintain this high level of competitiveness, it is vital that European Research is at the fore-front of the development of this new material into a practical superconductor. It will facilitate a real breakthrough in areas where existing superconductors presently have only a marginal impact.
University of Southampton (United Kingdom)
The University of Southampton (SOTON) is one of the UK’s top ten research Universities, receiving over £93.6M in research grants and contracts in 2010/11 (£11.3M of them from the European Commission). The University has more than 17,000 full time undergraduate students and 7,000 postgraduates from over 130 different countries. SOTON has a strong track record of working in Framework Programme European projects. It is ranked 17th out of all higher and secondary education organisations for number of FP7 participations during 2007-2010, and is involved in 197 FP7 projects (181 on going and 16 in negotiation with the Commission).
SOTON has an expert team (within Research & Innovation Services) which works with PIs to effectively protect and commercialise IP generated from Southampton research. Southampton has had considerable success with a portfolio of over 300 patents, licensing revenue in excess of €1million (2010/11) and launching 12 successful spin-out companies since 2000, 3 of which have been admitted to London’s Alternative Investment Market (AIM) with a combined market capitalisation value of over £160 Million.
The Faculty of Engineering and the Environment (FEE) at s is the UK’s leading academic department bringing together a wide range of engineering and environmental science disciplines. The high quality of FEE’s learning and teaching programmes is reflected in prestigious awards and prizes. FEE was presented with the ExxonMobil Award in recognition of excellence in engineering teaching and was the first ever recipient of the Royal Academy of Engineering's Education Innovation Prize.
Karlsruher Institut Technologie (Germany)
On October 01, 2009, the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) was founded by a merger of Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe and Universität Karlsruhe.
KIT bundles the missions of both precursory institutions: An university of the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg with teaching and research tasks and a large-scale research institution of the Helmholtz Association conducting program-oriented provident research on behalf of the Federal Republic of Germany. Within these missions, KIT is operating along the three strategic fields of action of research, teaching, and innovation.
Research, Teaching, Innovation – The Three Pillars of KIT Competence
KIT is among the leading engineering research institutions worldwide. As a member of the Helmholtz Association, the largest science organization in Germany, our institution makes major contributions to top national and international research.
In 60 study courses, KIT students acquire knowledge and skills for new scientific breakthroughs and the development of viable applications. Combination of the strengths of the University and Research Center is the basis of excellent education and advanced training.
Research results are not only intended to be of theoretical use, but to be applied in practice. The KIT Innovation Management Service Unit supports the direct transfer of new findings, innovative ideas, or know-how to industry and society.
The Institute for Technical Physics (ITEP)
The ITEP is an organisation unit of the (KIT).
Activity fields of the ITEP are superconductivity and cryogenics and their applications. The activities span over the areas of nuclear fusion, electric power equipment and high field magnets. Essential are developments of superconductors, especially high temperature superconductors, cryogenic components and the characterisation of lower temperature structure materials.
D2M Engineering (France)
For more than twenty years, d2m has been a leading French company, acting as a naval architect for merchant or defense ships, but also for marine engineering and service to ship owners. The company, fully independent, provides assistance to ship operators, oil & gas companies as well as engineering and renewable marine energy companies, throughout their investment projects, for new building or conversion.
Services offered range from feasibility studies to technical support during ship construction, including basic engineering studies, detailed project, even project management:
d2m is involved in the ship general definition (hull forms, stability, structure, propulsion, marine systems, living quarters, weight reports,…) as well as classification and operational aspects.
d2m is able to answer diverse requirements during design, construction phases but also during the ship entire life, such as follow-up and modifications or necessary transformations. Among others, d2m offers a distinctive skill in safety aspects, installation procedures or operating cost reduction and marine pollution reduction, by means of recently developed tools aiming at providing real solutions to ship operators.
d2m group employs about 80 engineers. d2m serves as an engineer or supervises construction works for many customers all over the world thanks to its network of subsidiaries and international partners.